Every region of India has developed its own unique Saree style, which differs in terms of fabric and weaving style. The reservoir of Saree is simply superb encompassing embroidered Saree, Classy Silk Saree and special bridal designer Sarees. The exclusive range of Indian Sarees includes
The term Bandhani is derived from the sanskrit word banda (‘to tie’). Bandhani comesdates back to Indus civilisation. Bandhani dots are seen in 6th century paintings made on the life of Buddha, found in the cave 1 of Ajanta.
Bandhani Saree is classic style of Rajasthan and Gujarat. It is also found in Sindh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. Bandhani is also known as Bandhej, Piliya, and chungidi in Tamil Nadu. Bandhani is a type of tie-dye textile decorated by plucking the cloth with finger nails into many tiny bindings that form a figurative design. As the cloth is tightly tied with a thread in different place and deeped into color dye, the tied portion remains uncolored and the open portion is gets colored. Then the uncolored part is then again colored with the same method. And this technique is very famous in Rajasthan specially in Jaipur. In Jaipur, block printed saree are also made.
Some of the most common designs are:
- Dungar Shahi _ the mountain pattern
- Chaubasi _ in groups of four
- Tikunthi – Circles and Squares appear in a group of three
- Satbandi – in groups of seven
- Ekdali- a dot
- Boond – A small dot with a dark center
- Kodi – Tear or drop shaped
- Laddu jalebi – The swirling
So simply saying Bandhani is made by hand, that involves first tying and then dying of cloth. The Saree is tied and dye’d in such a manner that it produces elaborate patterns and designs on the fabric. Rajasthan is a city of beauty and variety. Here this tie and die work is very famous. But it is very famous in Gujarat also.It is the traditional handicraft of saurashtra and Kachchhi people in Gujarat. Bandhani are generally seen in all the bright colors, such as red, orange, yellow, blue, green, black. But English colors are less seen in this variety.
Banarasi Saree is the invention of Banaras City. The Saree is popular among women and is widely appreciated an as exclusive Silk Saree. Mughals brought this fine craftsmanship in India. Mughals also tried their best to glorify the art of weaving and designing. It was the beginning of Saree weaving art. So, the art and culture of providing Banarasi Sarees with silks is very ancient. In present days Banarasi Silk Saree is still considered as the part of Indian tradition.
Banarasi Saree in itself contains diverse styles like pure silk (katan), organza with zari work, georgette and shattir. Banarasi Saree is ideal as Wedding Saree. It is very much wellknown for its zari worked boarder. The Golden Zari and the Silver Zari work are oftenly used.
Making of Banarasi saree can be seen in (video : www.utsavpedia.com)
Kanjeevaram Silk Saree
Kanjeevaram Indian saree is one of the finest and most popular forms of silk in Tamilnadu. It uses a combination of colored threads and also has lot of zari work. Its major attractions are the beautiful tribal designs. Now focus is also on contemporary patterns. This saree has heavy gauge and is a long lasting. According to Hindu mythology Kanchi silk weavers are the descendant of Sage Markanda, the master weavers of Gods who have supposed to have a woven tissue from lotus fibre. These sarees are weaved from pure mulberry silk thread. In this type of saree when Pallu is woven in different shade, it is first separately woven then attached to the saree delicately. This is also known as Banarasi saree of South. It gives gorgeous looks in marriages.
Cotton Printed Sarees
The sheer varieties available in cotton sarees are just fabulous. They include batik work, bandhni style, block printing and handmade drawings. These Sarees are printed in large metropolitan cities like Bombay and Calcutta. These cities have many Saree store.
Cotton handlooms provide us with distinctive varieties primarily – Tant, Jamdani and Baluchari Bengal Handloom sarees. These styles are known for their lightness and are very comfortable. The saree’s borders exhibit works of delicate silk threadworks. Designs are simple but artistic and unique. Peacocks, floral designs, architectural drawings are major attractions of these handlooms.
Printed Chiffon Sarees
Chiffon is a very durable, easy to wash fabric. Chiffon sarees comes with very colorful prints in various combinations. Very comfortable to wear and maintain.
Southern Saree Styles
Southern weaves include Pochampalli, Venkatgiri,Gadwal, Guntur, Mangalpuri sarees of Andhra Pradesh, Coimbatore and Chettinad styles of Tamilnadu, Bangalore silk Saree, Mysore silk Saree of Karnataka. Mysore silk is one of the most popular and finest and purest forms of silk. It is undergoing a makeover with new kasuti embroidery, bandhini designs and with a palette of exciting vibrant colors. Bangalore silk is a synthetic silk Saree.
Embroidered Sarees are designer Sarees, made using different types of fabrics and designs to make this ethnic Indian attire gorgeous. The material used for the embroidered Sarees is flowing and graceful. Georgette, crepe, chiffon and silks form the basis for most of their creations. Designers work on the embroidery designer Indian Saree and the most suitable color combinations and materials like kundan, zari, kori, and stones are used for the embroidery.
The ages old Saree has kept Saree fashion popular throughout the centuries because of its total simplicity and practical comfort. The Indian Saree has an ageless charm since it is not cut or tailored for a particular size.