Almost all the people know about the latest ongoing news on ‘Chandrayan-2’ and all in the world waited for the soft landing of Chandrayan-2. Chandrayan-2 is called as India’s Orbiter-Lander-Rover Mission. On the lunar surface, the Chandrayan-2 was about to land in the early hours of Saturday. The scientists at the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) waited for the ambitious lunar mission Chandrayan-2 historic soft landing on the moon. And the mission was doing well up to 2.1 km above the surface of the Moon, but before Vikram could land, ISRO lost its contact with it.
The Journey of Chandrayan-2:
The mission was launched in ‘Sriharikota’ from ‘Satish Dhawan Space Center’ on July 22. Previously soft landing was attempted by other countries like Russia, US, and China, but this is the first attempt at a soft landing on the surface of the moon from India. This attempt could make India the fourth country of attempting this soft landing on the moon.
The Expecting Landing of Chandrayan-2:
Lander “Vikram” which is Chandrayan-2’s Lander was carried out by eight on board pieces of equipment in a coordinated manner. Vikram with rover “Pragyan” was scheduled inside for a powered descent between 1 am and 2 am on Saturday. The scheduled time of touch down is in between 1:30 am and 2:30 am.
For the last 15 minutes of landing was a very crucial time and we remain little far from making history. The soft landing on the moon is a very complex mechanism and it involves several technologies. The Pragyan which is situated inside the Lander Vikram will roll out and deliver scientific payloads to conduct surface and subsurface experiments. By this journey, India became the first country to reach land close to the lunar South Pole by its experiment.
The Expecting Journey after landing:
Chandrayan-2’s Lander and rover will land in a high plain between 2 craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N in the south pole of the moon which is a completely unexplored section. There is a possibility of the presence of water in that area which is chosen for soft landing called the South Pole.
The rover will be rolled out for carrying experiments on lunar space for a period of 1 lunar day which is equal for 14 earth days. The orbiter will continue this experiment for 1 year. ISRO aimed to improve the understanding of the moon by that brings some benefits for India and human beings as a whole. It also provides evidence for water molecules which was discovered by Chandrayan-1.
If it was successful then Chandrayan-2 will be the second mission to soft-land near the lunar South Pole after the china’s machine. The rover has wheels by that it will move on the lunar surface and it will perform chemical analysis on-site. It passes the data to earth through the orbiter and Lander in Chandrayan-2. The 6 wheel Rover (Pragyan) is a robotic vehicle which can travel up to 500m and absorbs sunlight as energy for its functioning.
Chandrayan-2 was an Independent mission as all technologies are involved in this mission was created by our Indian scientists. The Chandrayan-2 mission is a pride for India. Though it lost connection just about to land before reaching 2.1 km distance to the moon, but Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter is successfully orbiting the moon.