Sarojini Naidu is also known by the sobriquet Nightingale of India. She was a poet and politician. She served as the first governor of the united provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949.
She wrote the play “Maher Muneer”, which earned her to scholarship to study abroad. Her collection of poems earned her literasry acclaim. ‘Golden Threshold’ was her first book which contains all his poems. Later, she also published ‘The bird of time’ and ‘Broken wing’ which has attracted huge readership in both India and England. She also wrote essays like ‘Words of freedom’. ‘Autumn song’, ‘An Indian love song’, ‘Alabaster’ are some of her famous poems.
The Nightingale of India who became the first female state governor
Sarojini Naidu’s Works:
- The Golden Threshold, published in the United Kingdom,1905
- The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring, published in London, 1912
- The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring, including “The Gift of India” (first read in public in 1915), 1917
- Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity, 1916
- The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan, posthumously published, 1943
- The Feather of the Dawn, posthumously published, edited by her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, 1961
Some interesting facts about Sarojini Naidu:
- At the age of 16, she was received scholarship from Nizam of Hyderabad and went to London to study first at King’s College, London and later at Girton College, Cambridge
- In England, she came into contact with Nobel laureate Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse. Gausse convinced Sarojini to stick to Indian themes and depicted her poetry on contemporary Indian life and events
- Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of a state in India
- At the age of 19, she married Dr Govindarajulu Naidu, a non-Brahmin and a doctor by profession and lead a happy married life with four children Jayasurya, Padmaj, Randheer, and Leilaman
- Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905 and came into contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, Jawaharlal Nehru and other national leaders of that time
- In 1925, Sarojini Naidu chaired the annual session of Indian National Congress at Kanpur. She played a leading role in the Civil Disobedience Movement and was sent to jail along with Gandhi and other leaders
- In 1942, Sarojini Naidu was arrested during the Quit India movement and was jailed for 21 months with Gandhi. She had a very pleasant relationship with Gandhi and often called him “Mickey Mouse”
- Sarojini Naidu was the first woman governor of independent India and was commissioned in Uttar Pradesh. Sarojini Naidu passed away on March 2, 1949 while working in her office.